Early Signs Of Diabetic Feet – Many people with diabetes suffer from their feet. That’s called ‘diabetic foot’. It is important that you take care of your feet and check to prevent problems.
Diabetes may cause damage to blood vessels and nerves (neuropathy). As a result, blood flows less well through your legs and feet. You also feel less on your feet and you will not notice if you have a wound. The wound can ignite and become a sore.
In some people, small fractures occur in the bones of the foot. This can distort your foot and sag. You are going to walk more difficult. This is called a Charcot’s foot. This deviation is unaffected, but timely treatment is very important.
5 + 1 Must Know Early Signs Of Diabetic Feet – Save Your Feet Today Or Life
What do you notice of a diabetic foot?
- cold feet
- Tingling feet, pains
- Less feeling in your feet
- Hard healing wounds
- Discolourations on toes and feet
- Red, swollen foot (at the Charcot’s foot)
What can you do to prevent foot problems in diabetes?
- Keep your blood sugar as good as possible
- Do not walk barefoot
- Cut nails straight and not too short
- Make sure that shoes do not pinch or have pressure points
- Do not take footbaths
- Regularly check your feet for wounds, discoloration or distortion (including the bottom, for example with a mirror)
- Do not experiment yourself with wounds, but let it look straight away
Because you have less feeling in your feet, you can also walk differently. This can lead to distortion of your feet and pressures. Underneath a stall can be ignited without notice.
Good checking is very important
If you have diabetes, wounds heal less quickly. This makes the treatment of wounds and ulcers extra difficult. Sometimes the treatment does not work well. Then a toe, foot or even leg must be taken off: amputation. Fortunately, careful monitoring and handling on time can prevent many problems.
Regular control is therefore very important. Not only by the doctor but especially by yourself. A podiatrist or pedicure with diabetic footnotes can also help.
In this article, you will discover the greatest risk factors for developing diabetes. This is a consequence of the reduced body’s ability to restore itself because the body is exposed to high blood sugar for prolonged periods.
Diabetes says briefly that your body is not able to convert glucose into energy. Because diabetes occurs more often and more often in humans, diabetes patients are also getting more and more affected by the effects of prolonged diabetes.
To the risks at bringing diabetes properly map it is important that you understand how glucose is and why it can cause damage if there is too much glucose in your bloodstream, so read definitely a little further.
Below is the content of Article
1: How does the body process glucose?
2: Reactive molecule
3: Too much glucose in your blood causes cardiovascular disease
4: Long-term consequences: diabetes foot
5: Diabetes foot prevention
6: Stable blood sugar levels tips
How does the body process glucose?
The food you eat can be distinguished in different groups of nutrients. These are proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Glucose is the substance that carries out your digestive tract from carbohydrates. The glucose then enters your bloodstream and from there the glucose is transported to the cells.
As you move, your muscles need energy. The muscle cells extract this energy, in this case, glucose, from the bloodstream. Your brains control all processes in your body, as well as your brain cells use, among other things, glucose as fuel.
In order to get the glucose in your cells, the body needs another substance, insulin. Only in combination with insulin, the cells in your body absorb the glucose.
Therefore, if there is insufficient insulin in your body due to diabetes, the glucose obtained from carbohydrates will end up in your bloodstream, but the cells will not absorb the glucose. As a result, you get a lot of glucose in your blood.
For clarity. All cells in your body use the glucose in your blood as fuel. The fuel is absorbed by the cells. The glucose thus enters the cell and the cell then consumes the glucose. In this way, the body is able to convert the glucose into energy. This happens at the cell level. If this does not happen because your body does not make insulin, the fuel, glucose, remains in your bloodstream. It simply is not processed.
The nuisance to glucose is that it is a very reactive molecule. This is a bit tricky to explain, but it is a little bit like this because of the simple structure of glucose, this glucose has a strong tendency to connect with other molecules.
The glucose in your bloodstream will end up in all parts of your body and it causes reactions with other molecules.
The glucose will stick to the outside of your cells, as a result of which the cells will not function optimally. The cells in your body break faster. Also, cell division decreases, so the broken cells are replaced less rapidly by healthy cells.
Too much glucose in your blood causes cardiovascular disease
The long-term exposure to large quantities of glucose results in damage to the cells. Your bloodstream is contaminated with glucose particles that damage the walls of your veins. The cells that form your blood vessels become damaged and die as a result.
As a result, bleeding may occur, which may indicate bleeding cures that can not cure quickly, wounds that cause a bad cure or damage to your eyes.
The cells that make your nerves are also affected by prolonged high blood sugar levels. This process closely correlates with the damage to blood vessels. Because your small blood vessels get affected, the nervous system is not sufficiently oxygen-free. As a result, the nerve endings eventually die. This is called neuropathy.
So you can see that the high blood sugar level causes a kind of snowball effect on complaints. And then one problem enhances the other. For example, if you suffer from an excessive blood sugar level in combination with high cholesterol or excessive blood pressure, the chance of cardiovascular disease is quadrupled.
If you suffer from high cholesterol, you are at increased risk of blood clotting, and the process of poor blood flow is accelerated or aggravated. The same applies to high blood pressure. Because of the high blood pressure, your vein becomes less flexible, which increases the chance of something wrong with that vein.
As you can see, the big three factors contribute to additional health problems on top of your diabetes:
- High blood sugar level
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
This combination of health problems is called metabolic syndrome.
Long-term consequences: diabetes foot
People who have a long time suffering from diabetes, or people with diabetes who have a poorly regulated blood sugar level, have a high chance of causing high blood glucose levels throughout the body. The small blood vessels will be affected first by the effects of high blood sugar levels. These vats die and the result is a worse blood flow in that part of your body.
As a result, there is less oxygen in those areas, this in combination with the reduced nerve activity, which primarily weakens your limbs, can not cause a small wound to cure on your toe or underneath your foot. First of all, the wound does not heal properly because there is insufficient blood flow, and therefore there is insufficient oxygen.
One factor that makes it worse is that people with long-term diabetes often have less feeling at the end of the limbs, the feet, and the hands. This is because the nerves are also damaged. At these places, you have little feeling.
Your nervous system thus does not get a signal that something is wrong. You feel no pain. As a result, such a wound can remain unnoticed for a long time and the situation can become chronic.
The wound that heals badly turns into a large inflamed wound and instead of healing, the situation only gets worse. An open wound causes infections again and the large open wound becomes inflamed in the long run. Once infected, it is difficult to reverse the situation. The ignition touches the surrounding tissue. Even necrosis can occur. The tissue around the wound dies and the damage has become irreversible.
Sometimes we try to get the wound clean again with food. These animals only eat dead tissue and leave the healthy tissue at rest. However, in general, the only way out for doctors is to see a full or partial amputation of the affected foot in order to prevent the infection from expanding unrestrictedly.
Avoid diabetic foot
As you can see, it’s very important to avoid getting the snowball effect. So if you have diabetes you must do everything to avoid any other conditions. It is the combination of conditions that cause major damage.
Of course, the most important thing is to prevent wounds on your feet. So do not walk barefoot, wear shoes that fit well. These are the first steps. In addition, you will take extra care for your toenails. If you can not do this yourself, make an appointment with the pedicure.
This is also compensated by your health insurance company.
In addition, it is important that your wounds are detected in good time. Just check your feet for sleep every day. Do not forget the bottom! If you have a partner, this is an ideal job for him or her!
This is the practical side of monitoring your feet, but the major underlying problem, namely diabetes, should also be addressed.
The first step you must take is to make sure you have proper blood sugar levels. Many people are more afraid of hypo and therefore run around with a higher blood sugar level than necessary.
Stable blood sugar level
A stable blood sugar level creates you by first adjusting your diet. By eating more regularly, so 5 times a day, slightly smaller portions instead of three times a day, make sure that the carbohydrates you enter are spread more evenly throughout the day.
In addition, you are very careful about what you eat. Make sure you do not take the simple carbohydrates like sugar in tea or coffee. In virtually all processed foods, too, many of those fast sugars are responsible for causing peaks in your blood sugar level.
Now, it’s not the case that you have to ban carbohydrates from your diet, you only have to take complex carbohydrates. These complex carbohydrates are found in whole wheat bread, most fruits and whole grains for the yogurt.
Therefore, I recommend that you take your carbohydrate intake based on the glycemic index. This accurately indicates the effect of the product on your blood sugar level.
Less unhealthy fats
In addition, you will naturally avoid eating too much in connection with your cholesterol, so you can also make adjustments to fat intake. You can only have fats, only you are adjusting to something. First, you take no trans fats more, which can be unhealthy. In addition, you will improve the ratio of saturated and unsaturated fats. You should, therefore, eat much more unsaturated fats than saturated fats.
Unsaturated fats are found in fish and nuts. Saturated fats are usually in processed food. A trick of the food industry to make sugar products is by replacing the sugar with fat. Most processed products are either filled with sugar or full of saturated fat.
Just leave these products and replace them with organic products such as yogurt, kefir, fresh vegetables and fruit. Instead of fat pork, you will eat chicken and turkey. Or you take instead of that mixed minced lean beef minced meat.
If you make all of the above dietary adjustments, you have a stable blood sugar level and you can adjust your insulin requirements more accurately.
No peaks in your blood sugar level means that you need less insulin and therefore do not get a very low blood sugar level.
A very good tip is to get used to drinking water. So no soda or juices but (mineral) water. In water, there is everything you need, and more importantly, in water, there’s nothing you do not need. Why should you still drink soda if you actually know that in soft drinks nothing is beneficial to a diabetic patient?
Juices do not contain the fibers that have an unprocessed fruit, as a result of which the juices contain a proportion of sugars. Instead of apple juice, take an apple and a glass of water. Instead of orange juice take an orange and a glass of water. It’s all the same, but it’s so much better for your blood sugar level.
Improve blood flow
A second extra goal that you need to make yourself is moving more. By moving more you improve blood flow, and you have the added benefit that your insulin resistance in the muscles becomes less or less rapidly. If you are able to get even more muscle mass, do it then go to workout. This can bring about a huge improvement in blood sugar levels!
Of course, you need to calculate the extra amount of insulin you inject. More movement means slightly less insulin.
Actively ensuring that your blood flow stays well has a positive effect on your blood pressure, but also on your nervous system. Especially your nervous system is very dependent on proper blood flow.
You do not have to go to exercise right away, for example yoga is a very good exercise to do every day at home and so you can promote your blood flow.
Finally, I would like to point out that diabetes can also have an effect on the functioning of the brain. This refers to type 3 diabetes. Your brain is an integral part of your nervous system, so it is important in the fight against diabetes.
After all, if you notice the wound in a timely manner, the chance is less obvious. The fact is that if you stimulate your brain well, it will work better and longer, than if you do not challenge your brain. How you can crack your brain, I leave you over.
To summarize, avoid a diabetes footing by first ensuring that your feet get all the attention, good-looking shoes and carry out a check on any spots every night. Carefully care for your toenails, or do this by a professional.
In addition, it is very important that you stabilize your blood glucose level by dietary adjustments. Then you do what you can about moving more, your blood flow is crucial to prevent complications.
In addition to more moving, healthier food, you better manage your blood sugar levels. So you need to make sure that you work carefully and get lower blood sugar levels without getting hypos. This will mean that you will have to pinpoint your blood sugar levels more often. But this disadvantage does not weigh against long-term benefits!
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25621126 (damage to cells) http: //www.ncbi.nlm. Nih.gov/pubmed/24949886 (Diabetes type 3 or alzheimer) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16799390 (Diabetic foot treatment) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ Pubmed / 22162609 (Maggot treatment diabetic wounds effective) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24702596 increased blood sugar and stiff veins. Http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25634204 Risk factors diabetes, such as high cholesterol