Yeast Infection In Men (Male) – fungal infection are often seen as a health problem that is particularly affected by women, but it can in principle affect everyone, including men.
A fungal infection on the penis , if left untreated, can lead to a large number of painful, uncomfortable and possibly genetic symptoms. It can also cause serious complications in case the infection spreads into your bloodstream.
Medicine, which you can buy without a prescription yourself, can usually correct the fungal infection and there are also some things you can do to prevent this quite common condition.
What is candidiasis in men?
Genital candidiasis is often referred to as a “fungal infection” and is common in women – almost three quarters of the adult women will have a fungal infection at least once in her life. In comparison with women, the infection is less common in men.
Candidiasis is a fungal infection – an infection caused by a fungus, the Candida fungus in this case. In men, genital candidiasis may affect the tip of the penis (the acne) and, if present, on the foreskin.
In addition to the genitals, candidiasis infection can also be found in other areas of the skin or on the mucosa – for example in the mouth. This is usually called spruw .
Causes of candidiasis in men
Candidiasis is caused by Candida, which is actually a yeast fungus. The first description of the microorganism behind the infection was made more than 170 years ago, in 1839, by a 29-year-old professor at the university called Bernhard von Langenbeck . He would later become one of the 19th century leading surgeons.
Dr. von Langenbeck examined the fungi Candida Albicans. This is the Candida fungus that is usually involved in candidiasis, although other types of fungal infection may be involved (for example, the Candida Glabrata).
- Candida fungi occur naturally in the body and on the skin – it is normal for the microbe to be there. So every person cares with this fungus – but usually in an amount that does not cause problems. Research has shown that one fifth of the men carry this fungus on the penis without having signs or symptoms of balanitis.
- Candida albicans , under certain conditions, make it possible for the fungus to thrive and grow, problems and when this is in full swing, the pharynx will penetrate into the tissue and this results in candidiasis.
Our immune system and the natural ecology of bacteria usually control the fungus, but if this balance is disturbed, the fungus can thrive.
An example of this is often seen in newborn babies’ s , by thrush may be affected because they still need to develop a balanced intestinal flora.
The following risk factors increase the risk of candidiasis:
- Antibiotics – Recent use of a wide spectrum antibiotic can cause a change in the balance of normal microbial flora. This distorts the balance and allows the Candida to overcome.
- Medications – Use of medicines that suppress the immune system, such as chemotherapy or corticosteroids.
- Immunosuppression – an attenuated immunity reduces the ability of the body to defend against the fungus, and Candida may thrive. An HIV infection is an example of something that weakens immunity.
- Sugar disease – Diabetes , especially if this is not controlled. Higher levels of blood sugar may also provide a more favorable environment for the fungus to thrive.
- Uncut men with poor hygiene – non-circumcised men have a moist dark area under the foreskin, which is beneficial to the fungus to grow.
- Personal hygiene . Irritating substances such as bath foam, soap, shower gel, lubricants etc. may irritate the penis, which may cause a fungal infection because it may thrive better on a damaged skin. Carefully drying out after washing is also a risk factor because the fungus can best thrive on the penis under hot, humid conditions.
Can men get this fungus from a female partner?
While genital candidiasis, known as candida balanitis, is generally acquired sexually, it is not classified as a sexually transmitted disease ( SOA ) because it may also be present in men who do not have sexual relationships.
Men who have a female partner with a genital infection (also called vulvovaginal candidiasis) need not be treated unless they get symptoms as sex does not necessarily lead to the transmission of fungal infection to men.
Men are advised to avoid unprotected sex with a female partner until the woman is recovered from the infection after treatment.
Symptoms of candidiasis in men/ Yeast Infection In Men Symptoms
Most Candida infections are a-symptomatic.Men with genital candidiasis may experience the following:
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Around the tip of the penis:
- Red skin;
- Irritation and pain;
- White spots on the skin.
- Thick, lumpy scalp under the foreskin, which can cause an unpleasant odor;
- Difficulty with retraction of the foreskin (phimosis).
- During peeing;
- During sex
Research and diagnosis
Men who have previously been diagnosed and treated for a fungal infection on the penis can try to treat themselves if they recognize the same symptoms. If the result disappears, this confirms the diagnosis and there is no need to consult a physician.
If this is the first time that a man has had a complaint or is not responding to the usual treatment, it is important to consult a physician because a professional diagnosis also includes any underlying problems, such as diabetes where men are infected with the infection can be excluded. Testing for sexually transmitted diseases would also be advisable.
If the physician is not sure of the diagnosis, there may be another cause for the outcome and in severe cases the doctor will then take a sample of the skin of the penis and the lining under the foreskin and this for laboratory examination send.
For any stubborn ulcers or ulcers that are not cured, a biopsy may be necessary.
There are indications that one fifth of the men carry a fungal infection without having symptoms.
Medical treatments for candidiasis in men
Many mild infections are self-reliant and therefore no treatment is required. If the symptoms cause a burden, the Candida can be killed using antimicrobial topical creams or antifungal oral medication.
A fungal infection in men (candida balanitis) is treated in the same way as a fungal infection in women (vulvovaginal candidiasis), although women are available with other forms of medication including a vaginal cream and the vaginal tablet. Treatment is effective in 80% or 90% of cases.
For men, oral or topical treatments are usually used. Diflucan is a capsule containing 150mg of the antimycotic fluconazole. It is available from a doctor or you can get it yourself without a prescription at the pharmacy. A single capsule is all you need.
Another treatment available to men is the use of oral antifungal medication, also known as imidazole. Other medicines in this class include:
- Clotrimazole (available from a wide range of brands);
- Econazol (only one species);
- Ketoconazole (from a wide range of brands available);
- Miconazole (from a wide range of brands available).
Creams are applied topically (directly to the affected area) and you usually use three to seven days once a day. Oral treatment and topical treatment are equally effective for the cure of the fungal infection.
A cream known as nystatin, also from the antifungal class and sold under many brand names, is also available for topical treatment for a fungal infection but is less effective than the imidazoles described above.
If you have never had candidiasis symptoms before, you should consult a doctor before starting treatment yourself. Men who have previously been diagnosed and experience the same symptoms can start treatment themselves but, if treatment does not stop, visit the doctor.
What can you do if you get a fungal infection?
The best thing you can do is to prevent it getting so far. If you suffer from an infection that keeps coming back, the mold will probably have become resistant to antifungal agents and it is much more difficult to get rid of it. Of course, it is much easier to prevent these infections than you should later get rid of
Some other natural anti-fungal products for fungal infections on your penis that you can use are:
- Gentian violet is an all-anti-fungal drug that has been used with great success for the invention of the drug azole for many years. It is natural and non-toxic and works well for fungal infections on the skin. It may make purple spots in your clothes, but people have reported that salt can remove these spots.
- Organic coconut oil is a medical proven anti-fungal and works by exploding the core and plasma of the inside of the fungal cell, which causes it to die. It is also a great natural lubricant for the sex and helps prevent fungal infections being transmitted to your partner. You should also take a tablespoon or two orally daily to fight the infection.
- Colloidal silver gel can kill a fungal infection on the penis very quickly and is completely safe when using a good quality product. If you do not, your skin may turn blue.
- ProFase can be used by emptying the contents of the capsule directly to the fungal infection on the penis, so that the active bacteria will kill the fungus. Some men also use natural yogurt in the affected area. It is also wise to eat yogurt every day to get good bacteria.
- Oregano oil must be diluted with olive oil or coconut oil so that it does not irritate the skin when treating a fungal infection on the penis. It has been successfully used to treat fungal infections on the scalp and can effectively counteract fungi on the penis. Skin remains skin, men, so I do not doubt it will work on your penis, but make sure you really thaw it. I spoke to men who used it straight on the penis, telling them that it burned like hell, but that the infection clearly disappeared.
- Cinnamon oil can sprout or kill a fungal infection when applied directly to the infection. Therefore, it can also be used directly on fungal infections on the penis. You could, like the oregano oil, dilute it.
- Some men swear by white vinegar and others say it does not work. Note that if you apply it directly, it will burn like hell. Therefore, you can add a little bit of your bath water or use diluted to treat that fungal infection on your penis.
- Grapefruit pine extract can kill fungi very effectively. This has been demonstrated by several studies. But like cinnamon oil and oregano oil it’s a hot oil and it’s better to dilute it.
- Potassium sorbate can be mixed with some water into a paste and then applied directly to the infection. It can burn a little on the skin so be careful. Potassium sorbate is the ingredient used to stop the growth of mold when making beer.
- Yogurt – Some men have also been able to kill the fungus with the aid of yogurt and apple vinegar .
- Hygiene – Mold grows best in a warm humid environment and therefore it is important to keep your penis as dry as possible. Cut the pubic hair as short as possible, avoid moisture and make sure the body heat is well below it.
- Sugar – Reduce the sugar in your diet because sugar feeds fungi and the fungus will get it straight from your bloodstream.
The best can be used to treat the fungal infection on the penis 3 or 4 of the above methods and apply them all on a rotating basis. This prevents mold from becoming resistant to anti-fungicides and increases your chance of killing the fungus.
So if you use 3 or 4 methods, do one method for 4 or 5 days, and then make sure you use another method for the 4 or 5 days thereafter. This also makes it possible to find out what works best for you, because unfortunately, every method does not work for everyone equally effectively.
It is strongly recommended that you continue treatment for 30 days after all symptoms have disappeared to ensure that the fungus does not return. It is also advisable to ask if your partner has complaints and of course have safe sex until you stop treatment.
The easiest treatment is probably by using coconut oil as a lubricant because you treat both of them at one time. Please note that this form of lubricant does not match condoms and sex toys. For this you need to use a special water-based lubricant.
Good hygiene prevents and helps to treat a fungal infection because fungal infections especially thrive in damp, warm places.
Avoid shower gel
Prevent or treat a fungal infection on the penis by regularly cleaning it with plain warm water and then drying it again. But avoid shower gel and soap as they can aggravate the problems
In men with a foreskin, poor hygiene may lead to the build up of a thick substance called smegma, which may cause irritation.
I would like to give you the following practical tips:
- Kill the infection by gently washing the penis with warm water – a shower is better than a bath.
- Avoid the use of perfumed shower gel or soap on the genitals as this may cause irritation.
- After washing, gently wipe the penis because the fungus can thrive best under humid conditions.
- Wear loose cotton underpants to keep the skin of the penis dry and cool.
Research has not shown that treatment of the male partner of a woman who has recurrent vulvovaginitis can reduce attacks.
Does probiotics work?
Women who often suffer from recurrent infections try probiotics and other alternative treatments, although in medical literature there is no mention of men who have tried these options.
In women, there is evidence of whether or not probiotics work – based on the theory that the Lactobacillus bacteria that contain them can inhibit or reduce the growth of Candida fungal in the vagina – contradictory.
It has also been shown that a conventional treatment with itraconazole is significantly more effective than the use of a supplement with the ‘friendly’ bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus. However, these probiotics have been shown to be useful against bacterial vaginosis.
Complications of a fungal infection penis
Some men may be susceptible to a fungal infection in the blood, known as invasive candidiasis, which is a medical emergency. A weakened immunity may mean that a man with a genital fungal infection could become infected in the blood, so the fungus spread rapidly throughout the body.
An emergency treatment at the hospital then protects the organs from infection, while antifungal drugs are administered to kill the active fungus. Vulnerable men with a fungal infection on their penis can be advised to go to hospital as a precaution because they are likely to have a greater chance of getting a systemic infection.
This is a serious infection that can be fatal. Anyone with one or more risk factors must be vigilant for this infection and should consider prophylactic treatment if their immunity is very low.
The following risk factors can make men with a fungal infection on the penis prone to invasive candidiasis:
- HIV infection;
- Immunosuppressive (antiepileptic drugs) for example in transplant patients;
- High dose chemotherapy or radiotherapy in case of cancer;
- Having a central venous catheter (CVC) for the administration of medication;
- Getting dialysis.
It is said that while there is an active infection, it is better to avoid intercourse, although there is no clear evidence that this may transmit or cause a Candida infection.
Although it is much less common in men than in women, a fungal infection is very annoying. As with women, it is also good for men to treat it.
A fungal infection in men can also have a lagging problem, for example there is overgrowth in other parts of the body.